Opting for a framework or language on your mission will also be difficult, particularly at the backend, the place keeping up consumer information and developing APIs and libraries are key. The most well liked internet building applied sciences on the time of writing are Node.js and Ruby on Rails.
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Opting for one in every of them is usually a tricky job. Either one of those applied sciences have benefits and downsides, and figuring out them will allow you to select your best choice on your mission. We’ll supply you an independent comparability of Node.js as opposed to Rails on this article to assist you make a decision.

Let’s get began!

What Is Node.js?

Node.js is an open-source runtime atmosphere inbuilt 2009 on Chrome’s V8 JavaScript engine. This is a single-threaded and cross-platform which is extensively utilized in backend building.

Node.js's website homepage, showing two green download buttons for macOS users.
Node.js’s homepage.

Node.js will also be put in on other platforms corresponding to Linux, macOS, and Home windows. It’s used to create a lot of packages, together with real-time chat apps, REST API servers, command line packages, and extra.

How Node Handles Libraries

Node.js has integrated beef up for library control, known as the Node Package deal Supervisor (npm). With over 1.3 million applications and over one billion downloads every week, it’s simply one of the widespread bundle libraries, and as such, it performs a very important position within the JavaScript ecosystem.

This monumental library is totally open supply and loose. Those libraries are swiftly rising in dimension, making the Node.js group more potent with every passing day.

Probably the most widespread libraries in npm is Categorical.js, a framework for swiftly creating and deploying packages and APIs. It’s a minimum Node.js internet utility framework that gives a complete vary of functions for each on-line and cell packages, and it sees greater than 22,000,000 downloads by way of npm every week.

Right here’s the code for a easy Node.js and Categorical API:

const categorical = require('categorical')
const app = categorical()
app.get('/', serve as (req, res) {
  res.ship("A easy GET reaction")

Within the above code, we’re uploading categorical.js and making a easy GET API. Within the final line, we’re passing 3000 to concentrate serve as, this manner, our utility will run on port 3000.

Categorical.js makes it easy to create more than a few forms of internet apps in a brief period of time. For shopper requests, the framework supplies a easy routing machine. It additionally contains middleware that’s accountable for making selections in providing the proper responses to the buyer’s requests.

Firms that Use Node.js

Probably the most widespread corporations that use Node.js are:

  • Netflix: Netflix started using Node.js to permit high-volume internet streaming to over 182 million customers, additionally they meant to enlarge their use of Node.js to incorporate content material manufacturing.
  • Uber: On account of its asynchronous primitives and easy, single-threaded processing, Uber’s core shuttle execution engine used to be in the beginning evolved in Node.js.
  • PayPal: When changing Java, PayPal selected to make use of JavaScript from the browser all of the technique to the backend server for internet packages.
  • NASA: After an unsightly incidence in house, NASA made up our minds to make use of Node.js to raised protected their information or even save you lack of existence.
  • LinkedIn: Because of its scalability and function potency, Linkedln selected Node.js and stopped the usage of Ruby on Rails.
Image showing the logo of the popular companies that use Node.js, with the Node.js logo on the left..
Firms that use Node.js. (Symbol supply: Coruscate)

Node.js is especially well-suited to writing methods that experience all their state in reminiscence.

—Kris Kowal, Tool Engineer at Uber

What Is Ruby on Rails?

Ruby on Rails — sometimes called Rails or RoR — is the most well liked open-source internet utility framework written in Ruby underneath the MIT license. Advanced in 2004, it’s identified for its code potency and excessive pace.

The Ruby on Rails homepage showing a section of Ruby code open in a code editor.
ROR’s homepage.

Rails used to be meant to assist within the control of regimen, interior common sense, information computing, and different duties. It’s a internet utility framework that’s nicely suited to database-backed MVC internet packages and metaprogramming. Ruby’s unique heresy used to be certainly to put the happiness of the programmer on a pedestal. ~ David Heinemeir Hanson, writer of Ruby on Rails Maximum internet servers that beef up CGI can run Rails. MySQL, PostgreSQL, SQLite, SQL Server, DB2, and Oracle are all supported via this framework. What’s extra, Ruby on Rails has a transparent, concise, and versatile syntax this is very similar to the English language. This decrease finding out curve makes the framework specifically horny to learners.

Firms that Use Ruby on Rails

Probably the most widespread corporations that use Ruby on Rails are:

  • Airbnb: Airbnb has used Ruby on Rails since its inception. The framework performs a very important position in Airbnb’s tech stack.
  • GitHub: GitHub’s backend is Ruby on Rails, with over 200 million code repositories and 32 million per 30 days customers. It’s been seven years for the reason that app used to be established via the corporate’s founders.
  • Shopify: Shopify is a smart instance of an advanced but nicely structured and user-friendly Ruby on Rails ecommerce platform, with over 820,000 dealers the usage of their carrier.
  • Fiverr: Sure, Fiverr additionally followed Ruby on Rails at release, and it’s nonetheless the era that powers their on-line carrier market.

Now that you’ve a just right figuring out of those two applied sciences, let’s talk about their professionals and cons.

Ruby on Rails: Professionals and Cons

Even supposing it’s a feature-packed, robust framework, Ruby on Rails does have some drawbacks.

Professionals of Ruby on Rails

There are a large number of benefits to the usage of Ruby on Rails. We’ve indexed the highest ones under:

  • Construction pace: RoR’s well-developed structure of modules, environment friendly bundle control machine, and expressive and compact traits of the Ruby language permit builders to create packages temporarily.
  • Giant Infrastructure: Ruby on Rails comes with a integrated internet server and a database with turbines to make web page building a breeze.
  • Massive group: Every other beauty of Ruby on Rails is its robust and lively group. It’s a number of the widespread frameworks on GitHub, and the Ruby group has most likely already carried out all the functionalities you’ll bring to mind.
  • Perfect observe: Rails used to be created with the purpose of organising absolute best practices for internet building, and it comes with all the vital libraries and modules for following those requirements in building initiatives.
  • Code high quality: The standard of third-party Ruby code is considerably upper than in different languages.

Cons of Ruby on Rails

Probably the most cons of Ruby on Rails will also be noticed under:

  • Much less flexibility: Customizing Ruby on Rails to create a one-of-a-kind utility with distinctive options may well be tricky.
  • Runtime pace and function: Probably the most not unusual arguments in opposition to Ruby on Rails is its deficient runtime pace, which makes scaling your packages problematic. This used to be additionally the explanation why Twitter stopped the usage of Ruby on Rails for its seek engine.
  • Boot pace: Maximum builders bitch about Rails’ boot pace. It will possibly take a very long time to get began, relying for your collection of gem dependencies and recordsdata.
  • Tricky debugging: It may be difficult to troubleshoot a Rails utility because of Ruby on Rails’ complexity and more than a few layers. Discovering an error within the combine can take a very long time.

Professionals and Cons of Node.js

Node.js is understood to be a versatile framework that may be formed to fit virtually any person’s wishes. Alternatively, it too has its drawbacks.

Professionals of Node.js

We’ve indexed our most sensible selections of Node.js’s benefits:

  • Simple to be told: As a result of Node.js is according to JavaScript, it can be a lot more straightforward to be told if you have already got a just right programming background and are accustomed to JavaScript. There are a large number of classes and tutorials to be had to make finding out relaxing.
  • Neighborhood: An engaged group manner a large number of beef up and comments. Node.js is surrounded via a big developer group. npm, Node’s bundle supervisor, is likely one of the hottest and swiftly increasing device registry. It supplied a large number of libraries and reusable templates that you’ll use to your mission.
  • Seamless JSON beef up: Whilst different backend applied sciences, corresponding to Ruby on Rails, can keep in touch the usage of JSON structure, Node.js does so with out changing between binary fashions and as an alternative makes use of JavaScript. That is extraordinarily helpful when developing RESTful APIs with a NoSQL database, corresponding to MongoDB.
  • Extremely extensible: Node.js is understood for being extremely extendable, which means that that builders can customise and lengthen it to fulfill the wishes in their initiatives.

Cons of Node.js

Listed below are a few of Node.js’s disadvantages, which can make it a much less appropriate selection on your mission:

  • Volatile API: Node.js suffers from incompatible API adjustments regularly. Those incompatibilities result in heavy code adjustments, which is the principle drawback to the usage of Node.js.
  • Immaturity of tooling: Even supposing the core Node.js modules are rather dependable, most of the applications within the npm repository are of deficient high quality and poorly documented. In consequence, discovering the correct bundle on your wishes is also tricky.
  • No longer suited to CPU-intensive duties: The lack of Node.js to procedure CPU-bound operations is the opposite primary problem it has at the moment. It’s just for I/O-related duties (like internet servers).
  • Callback factor: Callbacks, the purposes that run when every job within the queue is finished, are a large a part of Node.js. The standard of code is at once impacted via retaining quite a lot of queued processes within the background, every with its personal callback.

Node.js vs Ruby on Rails: Head-to-Head Comparability

Now that you’ve a just right figuring out of those two applied sciences, let’s cross deeper and evaluate them aspect via aspect.


Whilst efficiency may not be an element for small initiatives, you will need to to imagine when construction massive and complicated initiatives. Node.js wins in the case of efficiency. Node.js comes with the V8 engine designed via Google and it’s a lot quicker, particularly on IO heavy operations. It’s additionally identified for generating extraordinarily rapid and scalable techniques as it employs event-driven structure and non-blocking (asynchronous) processes that run on a unmarried thread. Node.js apps too can care for extra requests because of the framework’s talent to regulate heavier server workloads.


In the case of discovering beef up and enter, either one of those applied sciences have a limiteless group of builders round them.

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Consistent with a developer survey via Stack Overflow, Node.js is one of the most sensible applied sciences utilized by builders all over the world. Probably the most tech giants corresponding to Google, Fb, and Amazon made vital contributions to the Node.js atmosphere. A number of group boards are to be had for Node.js, corresponding to Github, Stack Overflow, and Reddit.

In a similar way, Ruby on Rails has an enormous and powerful group too, with large repositories on GitHub. It has greater than 4,000 lively members on GitHub and a whole lot of different lively group boards. Rails builders are actively engaged within the development of the prevailing functionalities and new function building. They often replace the supply code, repair insects, and deal with safety vulnerabilities.

Rails additionally has many group boards, together with GitHub, Slack, and Stack Overflow. Their Slack group has over 17,000 individuals and 27 channels from in all places the arena, together with avid OSS members, full-stack engineers, startup founders, backend engineers, and folks simply finding out Ruby on Rails.

Task Alternatives

Since either one of those applied sciences have massive communities of customers, there are many task alternatives for Node.js and Rails builders alike. The moderate wage of a Node.js developer in the US is between $71,000 and $92,000, while in Europe it falls between $24,000 and $94,000. And Node.js freelancers could make round $80–100 in line with hour on moderate. Consistent with Certainly, a Ruby on Rails developer could make round $116,000 in line with yr in the US; the common wage of a Rails freelancer is round $49 in line with hour.


Node.js is used to create apps which are very scalable. More than one concurrent requests are treated by way of the non-blocking I/O and event-driven paradigm.

Node.js is in the end extra scalable than Ruby, due to the cluster module. The method is spawned in clusters with abstractions according to the workload of this system with the fewest collection of CPUs.

Scaling Ruby on Rails is achievable, nevertheless it calls for extra assets than one of the crucial different widespread backend frameworks. Alternatively, this shouldn’t prevent you from the usage of Ruby on Rails for your mission.

Listed below are some tricks to scale your Ruby on Rails utility:

  • Rails’ integrated motion, web page, and fragment caching is also used to its most attainable. You’ll be able to additionally use Memcache to cache effects out of your database that may in a different way be retrieved.
  • You’ll be able to additionally make the most of third-party gear like Docker and Kubernetes that can assist you enlarge your utility easily.
  • Make load checks a normal component of your pre-deployment process. This may occasionally permit you to apply how lengthy every process takes and the place there may be room for development.


The recognition of your stack is any other issue that you just will have to imagine whilst construction a contemporary product or utility. Generally, the extra widespread it’s, the easier supported it is going to be.

Consistent with Google Developments, Ruby on Rails used to be rather widespread from 2005 to 2009, however since then, it has slowly begun to fall out of fashion. Node.js, then again, has been becoming more popular since 2017, which means that that there are a lot of people that wish to make the most of and be told extra about it.

Image showing the google trends comparing the popularity of Node.js and Ruby on Rails on Google search engine.
Graph evaluating the recognition of Node.js and Ruby on Rails on Google seek engine.

For those who’re searching for the most well liked choice on the time of writing, Node.js is your winner.

Node.js vs Ruby on Rails: Which Will have to You Use?

Now that we’ve mentioned the main points of Ruby on Rails vs Node.js, it’s determination time! Let’s take a final have a look at which framework may well be absolute best suited for which initiatives.

When To Use Node.js

Node.js is a superb selection if you wish to construct a real-time utility that should arrange a large number of concurrent requests and knowledge between shopper and server, corresponding to chat apps or video calling apps. For those who’re all for efficiency or scalability, you will have to first flip Node.js earlier than transferring directly to Ruby on Rails.

When To Use Ruby on Rails

Ruby on Rails is a superb resolution for CPU-intensive packages the place speedy building is needed. Rails is a particularly sensible choice if you wish to construct an ecommerce platform or a social networking web page that may care for a large number of site visitors.
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Each Node.js and Ruby on Rails are robust frameworks for web pages and apps. It may be very difficult to select one as a winner. Builders and startup homeowners must imagine their industry fashions and analyze the professionals and the cons of each applied sciences.

In case your fear is set efficiency or scalability, Node.js is usually a superb selection. Alternatively, if you wish to construct an utility that may care for a heavy quantity of site visitors and CPI-intensive duties, Ruby on Rails is also the easier framework for you.

Do you intend on the usage of Node.js or Ruby on Rails on your subsequent mission? How did you make a decision between them? Tell us within the feedback phase under!

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