HTML best practices help developers offer innovative and highly interactive websites and web apps. These best practices help you develop the most feature-rich and business-centric applications. Plus, organizations can harness these best practices to provide a seamless user experience.

Today, when we talk about HTML, we typically discuss HTML5 (and not its immediate predecessors). HTML5 is a powerful markup language that allows web developers to create a web document. It’s easy to use and understand, and almost all browsers support it. Also, it’s the foundation of almost all Content Management Systems (CMS)

As a web developer with minimal experience, questions such as “How can I write better HTML?” often arise. This article aims to help you get started on the right foot.

General HTML Coding Approach

You probably already have a grasp of this markup language, but here are some HTML5 best practices that will let you code better.

Always Declare a Doctype

When creating an HTML document, the DOCTYPE declaration is required for informing the browser what standards you’re using. Its purpose is to render your markup correctly.

For example:

Version Doctype Declaration
HTML 4.01
XHTML 1.1
HTML5

The declaration should be in the first line of your HTML document. Here is a comparison between its right and wrong implementation:

Best Practice Bad Practice

...
...

Alternatively, you can use the doctype corresponding to the HTML/XHTML version you want to use. Learn about the recommended list of doctype declarations to help you choose the right one.

HTML Tags Placement

Developers know that the purpose of tags is to help web browsers distinguish between HTML content and ordinary content. HTML tags contain an opening tag, content, and closing tag. However, they’re often confused about the proper placement of tags, the elements that require closing tags, or when to omit tags.

For instance, where’s the best place to put