Web sites and apps are so not unusual this present day that it’s simple to take them without any consideration. However hidden in the back of each web site design or cool new function is a mixture of code and generation that makes it paintings.

The individual chargeable for this behind-the-scenes paintings is known as a backend developer.

If that feels like a task you may want, we’ve got excellent information: backend development is a well-paying career with a super activity outlook.

However how do you get began? What abilities do you want to be told?

This newsletter introduces backend construction and allows you to know the way you’ll be able to get started as a developer.

What Is a Backend Developer?

Customers do indirectly get right of entry to the backend of an software or pc gadget.

Generation like servers, databases, and APIs lets in options similar to a person interface to paintings.

Backend builders construct and deal with that generation. Customers would possibly now not even take note of the backend developer’s paintings, however with out it, the web site or app received’t paintings.

Backend Developer vs Frontend Developer

Frontend internet builders paintings at the portions of the web site that the person sees and interacts with. This may be also known as client-side or browser-side construction.

Backend (or server-side) builders give you the infrastructure to again that up.

Whilst frontend and backend builders steadily paintings in combination, they have got a distinct arsenal of programming languages and abilities.

For instance, the languages entrance internet builders essentially paintings with are HTML, CSS, and JavaScript. Whilst coding, they have got to consider the person enjoy. How do the photographs glance? Is the web site available? Does it serve as neatly on all primary browsers?

Backend builders use programming and scripting languages like Python, Ruby, and PHP. They center of attention on considerations like whether or not the web site is protected or how information might be controlled.

The difference between front end and back end development
The adaptation between frontend and backend construction. (Supply: Francesco Lelli)

There’s every other more or less developer known as a full-stack developer. Complete-stack implies that you do each backend and frontend construction.

It could sound like understanding both sides of internet construction is best than restricting your self to 1, however many roles are on the lookout for experts.

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What Does a Backend Developer Do?

A backend internet developer works at the server, database, and APIs in the back of a internet software.

The activity description isn’t like a frontend developer’s, however the two roles paintings in combination to create paintings that’s each useful and user-friendly.

For instance, a frontend developer creates a web page on a web site with a button {that a} buyer can click on to retrieve information about their previous orders.

The backend developer would write the code that permits the button to fetch the proper information from the database. That information is delivered again to the frontend, the place the frontend developer determines the way it’s exhibited to the customer.

What do back end developers work on?
What do backend builders paintings on? (Supply: InterviewBit)

Backend Developer Process Description

Each and every backend developer activity might be a little bit other. Generally, backend builders will tackle duties like:

  • Creating backend infrastructure for web pages and internet programs
  • Keeping up current backend
  • Troubleshooting and solving insects
  • Managing hosting environments
  • QA trying out
  • Running with frontend builders to switch information successfully to client-side internet programs
  • Taking part with purchasers and departments like product control, advertising, gross sales, or customer support to expand answers
  • Updating documentation on structure, processes, and techniques

Why Transform a Backend Developer?

Finding out to be a backend developer will take time and dedication. You may well be questioning if it’s all profitable.

Backend construction is usually a profitable and enjoyable occupation box. Listed below are a couple of the explanation why.

Call for for Backend Builders

Internet construction is a impulsively increasing box.

Throughout all internet construction specialties, 8% activity enlargement is predicted within the subsequent decade. That’s round 13,400 activity openings in line with yr — a lot sooner enlargement than moderate.

Backend Developer Wage

The average salary for anyone with the activity identify “Backend Developer” is $81,161.

In fact, you’ll be able to be expecting to earn more money as you acquire enjoy. For instance, the typical entry-level backend developer makes $61,042, whilst the typical backend developer with 5 to 9 years of enjoy makes $95,000.

The common wage for anyone with the identify “Senior Backend Developer” is $113,687.

Backend Developer Occupation Pride

Cash and activity alternatives are nice, however you wish to have a task that you simply in truth revel in.

The excellent news is that almost all backend builders are pleased with what they do.

Backend builders price their occupation pride as better than average.

(For those who had been questioning, the survey confirmed that they’re relatively extra happy than frontend builders and simply as happy as full-stack builders.)

Backend Developer Talents and Programming Languages

Each and every backend developer activity calls for a relatively other ability set.

The abilities and programming languages listed here are in call for for backend builders and can make you a aggressive candidate.

It’s additionally a good suggestion to have a fundamental figuring out of core frontend abilities like HTML and CSS. Even supposing you received’t use them for backend paintings, you’ll want to be an expert sufficient to keep up a correspondence along with your frontend developer colleagues about them.

A chart showing programming languages used by professional developers in the last year
Programming languages utilized by skilled builders within the ultimate yr. (Supply: StackOverflow)


On the subject of recognition, nothing beats JavaScript.

It’s probably the most usually used programming language within the StackOverflow ballot above, and it’s additionally probably the most popular language on GitHub.

One explanation why JavaScript tops the listing is that it’s helpful for each frontend and backend builders. Whilst its maximum not unusual use is as a scripting language rendered via browsers, the NodeJS runtime setting shall we internet builders use it for backend construction as neatly.

That being stated, it’s now not as very important for aspiring backend builders as it’s for frontend builders.

Get started with JavaScript if you happen to already comprehend it from frontend paintings or if you wish to transform a full-stack developer. In a different way, it’s extra logical for a newbie to prioritize abilities like Python and SQL.


Python is a programming language that each backend developer will have to know. It’s utilized by primary firms like Instagram, Spotify, and DropBox, and its recognition continues to upward thrust.

Recently, it’s the second one maximum regularly used language on GitHub after JavaScript.

Python has a reasonably easy syntax that makes it simple to be told and simple for builders to keep up a correspondence about their code. It helps a couple of programming kinds and gives transparent information visualization.

Python has a number of frameworks which are used to simplify the improvement procedure. Finding out a not unusual framework like Django or CherryPy would even be an invaluable ability for a backend developer.


Same old Question Language (SQL) was once launched in 1979 and deemed an industry-standard language via the American Nationwide Requirements Institute in 1986.

It may well appear beautiful clunky as of late, however it’s as very important for builders as ever.

SQL’s number one goal is to interface with databases. Nearly each web site would require database control, and SQL is able to dealing with huge quantities of information. Examples of database control techniques that use SQL are MySQL, MariaDB, SQLite, and PostgreSQL.

Familiarity with a couple of of the ones techniques might be helpful for a backend developer.

An open-source platform like MySQL supplies loose get right of entry to to SQL database supply code and mean you can be told the language.


Ruby is an open-source interpreted scripting language. It was once created to be easy and environment friendly for builders. Its syntax is so much like common English, so it’s now not onerous to be told.

It’s now not as widespread as Python or JavaScript, however you’ll in finding various jobs that require it.

When other people discuss Ruby, they now and again imply Ruby on Rails. They’re now not the similar factor, however they’re comparable. Each are helpful backend construction abilities.

Ruby on Rails is an open-source internet construction framework that was once programmed in Ruby. It’s identified for facilitating speedy construction and is utilized in over 350,000 web pages globally.

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Round 79% of web pages use Hypertext Preprocessor (PHP) as their server-side programming language. Maximum particularly, WordPress uses PHP.

Sites that commonly use PHP, including CMS sites and social platforms
Websites that usually use PHP, together with CMS websites and social platforms.

PHP has misplaced some floor to different languages, especially Python. If truth be told, other people were asking, “Is PHP dead?” for no less than a decade.

Allow us to transparent that up; it’s now not. PHP is speedy, robust, and in style in backend internet construction.


.NET (pronounced “dot internet”) is a tool construction framework created via Microsoft in 2002. It contains quite a lot of coding languages, libraries, and editors. The .NET language most respected to backend builders is C#, one of the crucial broadly used languages as of late.

It’s utilized by many well known web pages like Starbucks and fit.com.

Whilst .NET isn’t as very important as JavaScript or Python, it’s a excellent ability to have to your toolbox as a backend developer. Microsoft supplies tutorials to get you began.


Java sounds adore it can be carefully associated with JavaScript, however it’s now not.

Java is a general-purpose programming language, and whilst it may run on a browser, it’s essentially supposed for backend construction.

Java isn’t as simple to be told as some more moderen languages, and its efficiency isn’t as excellent. Total, its recognition is in decline. However you’ll nonetheless see it used for various web pages, and there’ll be backend developer jobs that require it.

Don’t depend Java out but.


An API (Utility Programming Interface) lets in an software or provider to get right of entry to a useful resource inside of every other software or provider.

For instance, APIs are utilized by commute reserving websites that mixture knowledge from quite a lot of airways and lodges. The API will get information from the flight or lodge supplier and presentations it at the commute web site. If anyone books a flight, the API will verify it with the reserving web site.

Two not unusual API paradigms are SOAP and REST. As a backend developer, it’ll be useful to know each.

SOAP (Easy Object Get entry to Protocol) is a standards-based protocol that was once firstly evolved via Microsoft. It makes use of XML to make requests and obtain responses.

RESTful APIs are in line with the REST (Representational State Switch) architectural taste. In contrast to SOAP, REST doesn’t require XML — you’ll be able to download output in a language that works neatly to your undertaking. For instance, it will use CSV, JSON, or RSS.

REST is quicker than SOAP, and lots of builders in finding it more straightforward to paintings with. Then again, SOAP has upper safety than REST and contains integrated retry common sense to compensate when verbal exchange fails.


We discussed above that a large number of builders don’t take care of SQL.

There are options. NoSQL refers to databases that retailer knowledge in tactics instead of a relational desk. NoSQL isn’t a language itself however a number of database garage choices that don’t use the standard fashion.

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Probably the most usually used NoSQL databases come with:

  • MongoDB
  • Cassandra
  • Amazon DynamoDB
  • Apache HBase

Whilst NoSQL databases will also be helpful and builders steadily want to not use SQL, NoSQL isn’t just about as widespread as SQL.

It’s a skill that looks good on a resume — however you will have to be told SQL first.

Content material Control Programs (CMS)

Maximum web pages use a Content Management System (CMS) to create, adjust, and set up content material. A CMS shall we the web site proprietor paintings on their very own web site, even supposing they don’t have any technical abilities.

Four of the core functions of a CMS
4 of the core purposes of a CMS.

As a backend developer, you understand how to create a web site with no content material control gadget. However most of the web pages you’re employed on could have one or want to have one carried out. Backend builders are steadily known as in so as to add new CMS options or debug an current CMS.

You may even create a CMS from scratch. However as a rule, you’ll paintings with the present widespread content material control techniques, together with:

  • WordPress
  • Drupal
  • Joomla!
  • Magento
  • Wix

It’s price turning into knowledgeable on growing for no less than the sort of platforms (Trace: we expect it will have to be WordPress).

Model Keep watch over Programs

Version control systems mean you can set up adjustments made to the code of your undertaking. If you happen to paintings on any more or less crew, you’ll more than likely want to use a model keep an eye on software like Git or Apache Subversion. Familiarity with a kind of techniques is a demand for some developer jobs.

There are a couple of causes model keep an eye on is very important. For something, you’ll be able to use a model keep an eye on gadget to revert to an previous model of your code if one thing is going mistaken.

That may save a large number of time in case of a mistake. Fairly than removing the mistake and manually correcting it, you’ll be able to merely roll again the undertaking to an previous model.

Model keep an eye on techniques also are essential on every occasion a couple of customers are running at the identical undertaking. They maintain you from finishing up with conflicting variations of the appliance.

Git is the preferred model keep an eye on control gadget. You’ll make yourself familiar with Git via installing it on your computer and growing an account on GitHub.com.

Downside-Fixing Talents

Technical abilities are the very first thing an employer appears for in a task candidate, however understanding code isn’t the entirety.

Backend builders should be excellent drawback solvers. They want to be versatile and able to arising with inventive answers to problems that get up.

If you happen to’re on the lookout for a backend construction activity, you will have to be able to speak to an interviewer about instances you solved issues to your earlier internet construction paintings.

Conversation Talents

The stereotypical programmer spends their time running by myself in entrance of a pc — and there’s surely that’s a large a part of the activity.

However verbal exchange may be crucial side of maximum backend developer jobs. You’ll more than likely paintings on initiatives with a crew of fellow builders. Chances are you’ll want to incorporate concepts from purchasers, product managers, or different stakeholders.

Be ready to speak to an interviewer about instances you effectively collaborated on a undertaking or led a crew.

How you can Transform a Backend Developer

For probably the most section, the important thing to success as a web developer isn’t having the proper credentials however finding out the proper abilities.

It’s conceivable to be a backend developer with out formal coaching (even supposing maximum have some). However you’ll want so as to turn out that you understand how to code.

Step one to turning into a backend developer is ensuring you have got the abilities indexed above.

Backend Building Coaching

This present day, there are a ton of on-line sources that may educate you learn how to code. For instance, take a look at:

Self-study is the norm now. 40.39% of present skilled internet builders took a web-based coding route, 31.62% discovered from on-line boards, and 59.53% used different on-line sources like blogs or movies.

That being stated, maximum builders even have formal coaching. 80% {of professional} builders have finished some type of upper training.

Where current developers learned to code according to StackOverflow
The place present builders discovered to code. (Supply: StackOverflow)

Many backend jobs require or want a related level, however now not they all. If you happen to’re completely self-taught, you let your paintings talk for itself. Put a non-public undertaking or two on GitHub so doable employers can evaluate your code.

Discovering Jobs for Backend Builders

LinkedIn is a great position to begin on the lookout for internet construction jobs.

78% of builders say it’s their go-to position to search for activity openings. It’s additionally the platform maximum utilized by recruiters.

A chart showing where web developers find jobs according to CodeinGame
The place internet builders in finding jobs. (Supply: CodeinGame)

As primary activity engines like google like Certainly and ZipRecruiter keep growing, a number of area of interest activity forums for internet builders aren’t widespread anymore, however StackOverflow stays a excellent position to search out high quality construction jobs.

Networking is all the time essential. Hackathons and different tech occasions can attach you for your subsequent backend developer activity.

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Backend construction is a a laugh and fast-growing occupation box. There are a large number of causes to find it irresistible.

So long as other people want web pages, excellent internet builders might be wanted. You’ll educate your self the abilities and the pay is excellent.

The easiest way to begin down the trail to turning into a backend developer is to be told a programming or scripting language. Python, JavaScript, SQL, and PHP are all abilities that you simply’ll see in lots of backend developer activity postings.

If you wish to transform a backend developer for WordPress, PHP is a great position to start. Take a look at the 27 Best Tutorials to Learn PHP in 2021.

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